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Anne Birgitte Rønning
University of Oslo, Norway

With mother on a desert island. Gender and genre at stake in Madame de Montolieu’s Le Robinson suisse

The article presents the Swiss author Isabelle de Montolieu’s reworking of Johann David Wyss’ Der schweizerische Robinson (1812/1813). The reworking consists of a translation to French in 1814, and a sequel to the work in 1824, both highly popular in the nineteenth century in France, and translated to English in both Britain and the United States. The article examines Montolieu’s negotiation of gender into the robinsonade genre, usually conceptualized as male, as well as the reception of her work. While Wyss’ work in the last decades has witnessed renewed scholarly interest, Montolieu is met with misunderstanding, reluctance, and negligence. The article discusses how gender is at stake in attempts to (re‑)canonize both Wyss’ book and the robinsonade genre at the detriment of Montolieu, and how this is related to questions of aesthetics and popularity.

Keywords:

Robinsonade, gender, book history, Le Robinson suisse/The Swiss Family Robinson, Isabelle de Montolieu (1751–1832), Johann David Wyss (1743–1818)/Johann Rudolph Wyss (1782–1830)


Slavko Petaković
Faculty of Philology
University of Belgrade

In the Shadow of the Laurel Wreath – Women Poets of the Old Dubrovnik

The paper offers an overview of the poems written by the women poets of the old Dubrovnik. It points to the specific social and cultural context which marked their position in Dubrovnik from the 16th till the 18th century and foregrounded certain poetic forms, genres and styles.

Keywords:

women poets, literature of Dubrovnik, Dubrovnik, cultural model, Renaissance, Enlightenment


Lidija Delić
Institute for Literature and Arts
Belgrade

Oral Epics Vs. Kingdom of Heaven: The Case of The Blind Woman from Grgurevci

The poems of a blind woman from Grgurevci, some of the best poems Vuk Karadžić published in Vienna in 1845, are included in the literary and national canon to the greatest extent. The most famous details from her opus – Lazar’s choice of the Kingdom of Heaven and the image of Kosovka devojka (Kosovo Maiden) giving wine to the wounded from the golden goblet after the battle – are exclusive in epic corpus and remembered thanks to exceptional variations of this performer. Therefore, her contribution to cultural heritage is almost immeasurable. Nevertheless, these motives will not be (primarily) studied as elements of individual poetics because: 1) there is no way to determine if Slepa from Grgurevci (The Blind Woman from Grgurevci) introduced the motives herself or assumed them from one of her antecedents, and 2) oral literature is essentially supra-individual. Slepa from Grgurevci is a striking example of a much used practice of oral poets who transferred different and sometimes contradictory layers of tradition and relied on old formulas and plot patterns, while crossing numerous tradition branches.The analysis of the above mentioned motives in wider epic and Indo-European context will reveal great tension between these layers of tradition, as well as their position and semantic.

Keywords:

Slepa from Grgurevci, Oral epics, poetics, Kingdom of Heaven, Battle of Kosovo, Kosovo Maiden


Tatjana Jovićević
Institute for Literature and Arts
Belgrade

The Voice from Unknown Heritage

The paper analyses the first book of Eustahia Arsić, the first Serbian woman of letters of the modern age. Even though some parts of Sovjet maternij (1814) are addressed exclusively to women readers, her approach is universal and more emancipatory than feminist. The book has a recognizable hybrid structure, well known since Dositej Obradović's autobiography and maintained during the 19th century. Essayistic discourse about the Enlightenment subjects of interest (education and character building in the terms of ideas deriving from Rousseau’s philosophy) is combined with four poems. These poems appear as the standard examples of sentimentalism in Serbian poetry, but they are also early examples of texts formulating the motive of the Supreme Creator eternally present in the course of “life” of nature and universe. In that way, her work appears as the anticipation of the distinctive feature of the Serbian 19th century poetry.

Keywords:

Eustahia Arsić, Enlightenment, reflexivity, sentimentality, essay, poetry.


Snežana Kalinić
Faculty of Philology
University of Belgrade

Serbian Woman Defends „Woman Writer“: Apologetic Discourses in the Diary of Milica Stojadinović Srpkinja

This paper analyzes various apologetic strategies used by Milica Stojadinović, the Serbian woman, in her diary entitled In Fruška Gora in 1854. The paper is focused on the defense discourses which aim at convincing the Serbian public that female authorship is not damaging but beneficial for the national struggle. By presenting herself as a sincere patriot and an exemplary Serbian woman, devoted not only to doing chores and other female duties, but also to writing poetry, reading mythological and philosophical books, translating European literature and collecting Serbian folk poetry and tales, Milica Stojadinović was trying to clear her reputation as an eccentric and false poetess, and to convince the Serbian people in the dignity and the importance of her role as the national poetess. The paper emphasizes her pleads for woman’s right to acquire a thorough education, to chose to become a woman writer, and to express herself in a creative way.

Keywords:

diary, autobiography, defense discursive strategy, Milica Stojadinović, Serbian woman, Woman Writer


Žarka Svirčev
Faculty of Philology
University of Belgrade

Draga Dejanović’s Poetic Erotography

Draga Dejanović’s poetry, next to Milica Stojadinović Srpkinja’s verses, is one of the sources of the modern Serbian female poetry. Her poetic word is rebellious, sensual, passionate, playful. She extolled the female eroticism and pleasure in her poetry and defied the patriarchal social conventions by debating erotic taboos and caricatures which were present in the folklore heritage and handwritten songbooks of the 18th and the 19th century. She anticipated modernist iconoclasm by echoing female poetic voices.

Keywords:

Draga Dejanović, love poetry, eroticism, female poetic tradition


Joanna Mueller
Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan
Poland

A Bird in the Cage

A play based on the novel Nove (The New Women) by Jelena Dimitrijević.


Katarzyna Taczyńska
Nicolaus Copernicus University
Toruń, Poland

Discourse on Goli otok from a female perspective

The paper aims to reconstruct the emergence of female discourse which is focused on camps for Informbiro adherents. These female testimonies were excluded from mainstream history and literature because, on the one hand, the issue of Goli otok Camp (Barren Island Camp) was a taboo issue, and, on the other hand, because of the dominance of the male narratives. The subordination and, moreover, the nonexistence of mainstream female memoirs persisted until Danilo Kiš got interested in women’s prison camp experience. Documentary series Goli život (Barren life) was filmed on his initiative in 1989. Danilo Kiš also inspired Ženi Lebl to write down her own history. That was the first camp testimony published by a woman (Ljubičica bela. Vic dug dve i po godine 1990/ The White Violet. Two and a half year long joke). A recent study showed that another camp prisoner, Milka Žicina, was writing about her camp experience during the 1970s, but was hiding the manuscript in fear of repression. Her texts were published posthumously in the journals Dnevnik (1993) and Letopis Matice srpske (1998).

Keywords:

Goli otok camp, female discourse, Danilo Kiš, Ženi Lebl, Milka Žicina


Biljana Dojčinović
Faculty of Philology
University of Belgrade

The Return of Rebecca West

This article is an analysis of the first novel written by British author Rebecca West, The Return of the Soldier (1918). Despite the popularity and high appreciation she enjoyed during her lifetime, Rebecca West simply disappeared from the modernist canon. Her first novel has very visible modernist traits, contemporary topic and interesting narration methods, and therefore truly deserves a new reading audience.

Keywords:

Rebecca West, World War I, shell-shock, psychoanalysis


Ana Kolarić
Faculty of Philology
University of Belgrade

 

Discussion on Literature and Feminism: First Critical Writings by Rebecca West (1911–1912)

First critical writings by Rebecca West appeared in the magazine The Freewoman. A Weekly Feminist Review in the period 1911–1912. Her reviews were mainly focused on the contemporary literature. Criterion which Rebecca West used in order to evaluate literary works and distinguish “good” from “bad” literature was based on her strong feminist stance. First part of the article broadly discussed concepts of literary criticism and feminist literary criticism as well as the complex relationship between amateur and professional criticism at the beginning of the twentieth century. The second part examined Rebecca West’s early critical writings, in order to explore her position in the history of (feminist) literary criticism.

Keywords:

The Freewoman (1911–1912), literary criticism, feminism, “men and women of letters”, freewoman


Jelena Josipović
Faculty of Philology
University of Belgrade

Women's Issue in Spain During World War Two: The Perception of War in the Feminist Magazine La voz de la mujer

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the manner in which the war itself and its impacts were viewed in the feminist magazine La voz de mujer, by observing the influence of the World War I on the women’s position in Spain. We start from the assumption that the Spain’s neutrality during the entire war influenced the creation of certain distance towards the war, and that the war is not the dominant topic in the magazine, as opposed to the social and economic changes caused indirectly by the World War I in Spain. The first part of this paper describes the social and historical context in which the female magazines appeared during the World War I in Spain. This is followed by the analysis of the three issues of the magazine La voz de la mujer. We interpret the texts by applying the method of the critical discourse analysis.

Keywords:

La voz de la mujer, World War I, Spain, feminism, women's magazines


Stanislava Barać
Institute for Literature and Arts
Belgrade

 

Woman and the World (1925–1941) Between the Modern and the New Woman: the Ambivalence of Illustrated Women’s (Fashion) Magazine

By positioning the place of illustrated magazine Woman and the World (1925–1941) into the frame of feminist counter-public formed in the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes / Yugoslavia, the paper describes the ambivalence in the treatment of women’s emancipation: the ambivalence which is important characteristics of the ideology of moderate bourgeois feminism and of the periodicals which were the expression and constituent of this ideology. The same ambivalence is embodied in its core ideologeme, the modern woman: it defines woman as emancipated in terms of education and public activism but ‘limited’ with marriage, maternity and femininity. However, in particular articles, Woman and the World would accept radical feminist construction of the new woman. Moreover, the semantics of illustrated magazine is by definition complex and ambivalent in respect of fact that visual elements play as important role as textual. The inter-textual relations in magazine increase the possibility of ambivalent (editor’s) encoding and (readers’) decoding of magazine’s meanings. Thus, the meanings of Woman and the World constantly switch between opposing discourses.

Keywords:

Woman and the World (1925–1941), moderate bourgeois feminism, the modern woman, the new woman, semantic ambivalence


Татјана Јовановић
Faculty of Philology and Arts
University of Kragujevac

Novel as Body and Body as Sentence: The Golden Notebook by Doris Lessing

The research paper analyzes mechanisms of social and psychical construction of sex difference in The Golden Notebook by Doris Lessing. It also deals with narrative techniques that heroine uses in order to undermine harmonizing discourse cohesion and questions the analogy between woman's threatened capability and her lack of self-determination power. The phenomena of Single women is being analyzed and observed in psychological, social and linguistic context. Methodological starting point is Lacanian psychoanalyzing theory, more precisely – its revision accomplished by post-Lacanian feministic theorists suggesting transgressive strategies that provide woman's access to herself, her own body, language, and desire. The examples of those strategies are revealed in the field of the novel's structure, language and the transformations that Ann Wolf deals with.

Keywords:

free woman, hysteria, body, jouissance


Ivana Georgijev
Faculty of Philology
University of Belgrade

Communities of Practice and Linguistic Change: Perception of Gender-sensitive Language in Serbian Literary Translation

This paper examines whether the standardization of gender-sensitive language is necessary for gender equality in language, and whether the use of gender-sensitive language automatically contributes to more equal male-female relations in the society. It also explores the possibility that the language is only a manifest of social reality, which is why efforts should be directed primarily to making Serbian society less discriminatory and its members more gender-sensitive. The concept of "communities of practice" provides a theoretical framework. The empirical part is a research conducted in a community of practice – the Association of Literary Translators of Serbia – in order to illustrate dominant views on gender-sensitive Serbian language in one part of the Serbian language elite. It is concluded that language activism is a necessary way to stop any elite from creating a discourse that promotes inequality in Serbian society. The linguistic activism will be effective and successful if implemented through everyday use of gender-sensitive language of interested communities of practice, which will lead to changes in discriminatory cultural patterns and ideologies.

Keywords:

communities of practice, cultural models, gender equality, gender-sensitive language, language ideologies


Gordana Đoković, Dragana Grujić

Faculty of Philology
University of Belgrade

Bibliography of the Magazine Women’s World: Magazine of Serbian Women’s Charity Associations Part III (1895-1898)

This is the third part of the bibliography of the magazine Women’s World: Magazine of Serbian Women’s Charity Associations. It covers four years in the publication of the magazine and includes 698 entries. As in the previous bibliographies, entries are organized in alphabetical order, according to the author’s last name or, in case the author is unknown or signed with initials, the name of the article. All entries exist in a shared database. Articles have been categorized and given a COBISS ID number. The number of texts on health decreased, but the number of texts on literature increased during these four years. For the first time since the establishment of the magazine, poems by Jovan Dučić, Aleksa Šantić, Svetozar Ćorović, etc. were published. Registers with title, name of the author and subject matter are provided.

Keywords:

Bibliography, Women’s World, women’s magazines.


Translation as Love and Hard Work

An Interview with Ana Jovanović by Biljana Dojčinović


On Female Robinsons, Adaptations and Translations

An Interview with Anne Birgitte Rønning by Biljana Dojčinović


Petra Bjelica
Faculty of Philology
University of Belgrade

The Place of Love Encounter with Sappho’s Poetry

Locus amoris: дијалошко читање Сапфине поезије / Јелена Пилиповић. – Београд: Научна КМД, 2014 (Београд: Научна КМД). – 260 стр.; 21 цм. – ISBN 978-86-6021-081-6

 


Aleksandar Kandić
Institute for Philosophy
Faculty of Philosophy
University of Belgrade

A Study about Plato’s Myths

Платонова филозофска митологија / Деретић, Ирина [илустратор Барбара Васић], Београд: Завод за уџбенике, 2014, 298 стр, илустр. 24 цм, ISBN 978-86-17-18806-9

 


Ljiljana Pešikan-Ljuštanović
Faculty of Philosophy
University of Novi Sad

An Appendix to the Canon

Мужаствене жене српског средњег века / Светлана Томин. – Нови Сад: Академска књига, 2011 – ISBN 978-86-86611-92-5


Ljubica Šljukić Tucakov
Faculty of Organizational Sciences
University of Belgrade

Reading Judita Šalgo

Стварни и имагинарни светови Јудите Шалго / Силвиа Дражић. – Нови Сад : Алумнисткиње родних студија: Футура публикације, 2013 (Петроварадин : Workshop). – 192 стр. ; 21 цм. ISBN 978-86-7188-146-3

 


Nemanja Glintić
Faculty of Philology
University of Belgrade

On Literature, Periodicals and Difference

Књижевност у функцији принуде: часопис као фактор преобликовања књижевног текста / Слободанка Пековић. – Београд: Институт за књижевност и уметност, 2010 (Београд : Чигоја штампа). – 211 стр. ; 21 цм. – (Наука о књижевности. Историја српске књижевне периодике / [Институт за књижевност и уметност]) ISBN 978-86-7095-164-8

 


Ana Kolarić
Faculty of Philology
University of Belgrade

Towards a Better Textbook of Women’s Writing

Женска читанка / Вера Копицл. – Нови Сад: Академска књига, СШ „Светозар Милетић“, 2013 – ISBN 978-86-6263-043-8

 


Saša Simović
University of Montenegro
Faculty of Philosophy, Nikšić

How to Present and Communicate Your Knowledge

Presentation, Writing and Interpersonal Communication Skills. / Mirjana Matea Kovač, Nina Sirković.Split: University of Split, FESB, 2014. – 152 pp. ISBN: 978-953-290-049-1.


Милена Родић
Народна библиотека „Вук Караџић“
Велико Градиште

In Memory of Milica Janković


New Courses and Uncharted Territories: Digital Humanities